To understand loans and mortgages we need to understand loan limits first. If your loan amount exceeds the amount below, you will qualify for a Jumbo Loan, which carries higher interest rate.
One-Family (single family homes) $417,000
Three-Family (triplex) $645,300
30 Year Fixed Mortgage Rates
This loan program is fixed for 30 years. Your interest rate will not change for 30 years. This is ideal for people who plan to stay at their present property for a long period of time.
20 Year Fixed Mortgage Rates
Fixed for 20 years. Your payment will be higher than 30 year fixed loan becuase your loan term is only for 20 years. Interest rate will not change for 20 years.
15 Year Fixed Mortgage Rates
15 year fixed loan has a loan term of 15 years and will not change during this period. Your monthly payment on this loan program will be much higher than 20 years fixed or 30 years fixed. Use this loan program if you plan to sell your home in 5-8 years. Interest rate will not change for 15 years.
ARM (Adjustable Rate Mortgage)
ARM Loans are fixed for a certain period of time, where after that period ARM loan becomes an adjustable loan. How do they work?
Each ARM Loan Program has these options:
1) Index: Most comon index-LIBOR
2) Margin: Is given to you by your lender, and it is the difference between the index rate and the interest charged to the borrower
For example 5/1 ARM. This loan is fixed for 5 years after which in 6th year it becomes an adjustable loan. Your loan officer will tell you what your index is and what your margin is. Usually 5/1 arm is tied to 1-year treasury index and margin is around 2.00%-3.00%
Your index + margin = Fully Index rate . Your new note rate (interest rate) after 5th year.
What about the 6th year? What would your payment be?
Let’s say that your loan officer told you that your margin is 2.5% with 1 year treasury index. You will have to look up 1 year treasury index for a specific month.
1 year treasury as of Oct.2005 is 4.18, and you know that your margin is 2.5%. Therefore you new interest rate is 1 year treasury 4.18% (index) + 2.5% (margin) = 6.68% for the begining of 6th year.
Index rate are move on monthly basis, therefore your payment may flunctuate each month. In most cases banks wills end you a statement advising you that your rate will change.
3) To protect consumers from high index rates, lenders implemented a CAPS.
An example of this is a 2/6 cap, which allows the interest rate on your ARM loan to go up or down by no more than two percent every adjustment period, and has a total limit of six percent for cumulative changes. Therefore a 2/6 cap on a 5% ARM will allow a maximum rate (6 + 5%) …