What TN Home Buyers Need to Know About THDA Loans

Some of the best loan programs in TN are right under our noses, and THDA loans (TN Housing Development Agency) are one of them. A few reasons why there isn't a ton of press about these great loans is because 1) not all TN lenders can do them, 2) THDA loans tend to be smaller loan sizes (on average) and coupled with the limitation on allowable fees , many loan officers who could do them choose not to, and 3) many loan officers do not offer them because they believe that THDA loans are a lot harder to get closed, which is not true at all as long as they know the program guidelines . For brevity's sake, this article will provide an overview for the THDA program rather than detail each of the 3 loans THDA offers (Great Rate, Great Advantage, and Great Start).

The THDA loan programs were designed to offer help to low to average income buyers in TN seeking to purchase an affordable home. Here are the main things to know about THDA loans:

  • These loans can be used only for primary residences in TN from one to four units
  • the loans are always 30 year terms with fixed rates.
  • the borrower must qualify for an FHA, USDA Rural Development, or VA loan program before the loan can "become" a THDA subsidized loan program. The vast majority of THDA loans are FHA, since FHA loans have the broadest in eligibility requirements. Minimum credit score for any THDA loan is 620 as of right now.
  • THDA loans can effectively make FHA loans near-100% or 100% financing when combined with available THDA grant money, a "community" 2nd mortgage program like the Housing Fund, or THDA's "Stimulus" 2nd mortgage program.
  • THDA loans are made generally to first time buyers (including people who haven't owned a home in 3 years); the exception to this rule is when a buyer is purchasing in a "targeted" county ; for example, middle TN "targeted" counties include Cannon, Clay, Dekalb, Franklin, Giles, Grundy, Hickman, Houston, Jackson, Lawrence, Lincoln, Macon, Marion, Maury, Stewart, Trousdale, Van Buren, Wayne, and White.
  • THDA essentially sets its own subsidized or below-market rates, which are dependent on how much grant assistance one might need. There are 3 basic loan types: Great Rate (0% assistance), Great Advantage (2% assistance), and Great Start (4% assistance)
  • Since THDA loans are intended for "modest" homes, properties must meet eligibility requirements ; for example, the sales price cannot exceed the county's limit. There are only 2 limits in the whole state of TN- either $ 226,100 or $ 200,160 (these limits are actually fairly liberal by TN's standards). The counties which have the higher limit are the following counties: Cannon, Cheatham, Davidson, Dickson, Hickman, Macon, Robertson, Rutherford, Smith, Sumner, Trousdale, Williamson, and Wilson. All other counties in TN fall under the lower limit.
  • the household income of the borrower (s) cannot exceed the median income limit for the county, based on the number of persons

Types of Jobs That Use Microsoft Excel

Are you considering learning how to use Excel more effectively? Many people use Excel in their day to day jobs, and they're not necessarily accounting or finance professionals. Excel is a robust spreadsheet platform that allows you to track and store a variety of data effectively. This article will outline some of the traditional and non-traditional career paths that can make good use of skills with Excel. Once you have finished reading this piece you should have a much clearer view of how Excel might be useful in different areas of the business world.

Accounting

As a spreadsheet application, Excel was originally intended to duplicate the large paper spreadsheets that have been used by accounting professionals for over one hundred years. Accountants are responsible for tracking and categorizing all of the individual transactions that make up the day to day operation of a business. Excel is a great tool for this because it allows them to track the details of the transaction, monitor the performance versus expectations and goals, and provide customized and useful reports on almost any aspect of the accounting of a business.

Finance

Closely related to accounting, finance professionals conduct a wide variety of modeling and analysis of a company's performance. Finance might use complex statistical analysis to predict future performance of a firm or find correlations between certain events and the resulting impact on performance. Finance is also used to study the proper capital structure of a company. All of these functions are ideally suited for a spreadsheet tool like Excel.

Marketing

Marketing is a discipline tasked with generating and meeting the demand for a company's products. As such, one of their primary functions is directing company resources into appropriate channels to generate demand and create awareness of the company. These channels are generally known as "advertising" and there is usually a cost involved in utilizing them. This cost may be in terms of human labor or money, but in either case it is an investment that should be tracked and monitored to ensure it is generating a suitable return in terms of new revenue. Again, Excel comes to the rescue by providing an easy format for organizing all of these marketing expenses and matching them with the results they generate.

Project Planning

Although there are more robust project management tools available, Excel does a fantastic job for planning and managing the more straightforward projects that arise from day to day in business. Many project managers will use Excel to create Gantt charts which can provide a visual representation of the steps and milestones of a project and help keep things moving toward the ultimate goal.

As you can see, although Excel was initial conceived as a finance and accounting tool, there are a number of other uses for it. From marketing management to more obscure uses like project tracking, Microsoft excel is a tool that is used a wide variety of jobs. You might recognize how it may be a suitable tool to include in …

Rich Dad Mentality Vs Poor Dad Mentality

This is the second in a series of articles based on the groundbreaking best-seller "Rich Dad, Poor Dad" written by Robert Kiyosaki. As stated in the first article, the book compares the mindset of Kiyosaki's father-who held several degrees and an important position in the government, but struggled financially–, with the mindset of his best friend's father-who never even finished high school but left his son a financial empire. In his book, Kiyosaki explains that the mindset held by each of these two men, his "poor dad" and his "rich dad", was largely responsible for each man's financial destiny.

The following quote by T. Harv Eker, author of "Secrets of the Millionaire Mind", refers to the concept of a rich person's mindset: "Rich people have a way of thinking that is different from poor and middle class people. They think differently about money, wealth, themselves, other people, and life. " Kiyosaki expounds this same principle in "Rich Dad, Poor Dad".

Below you will find seven mayor differences between the "poor dad" and the "rich dad" mentality:

1. The "poor dad" mentality states that your wealth depends on your family of origin. That is, to be rich you have to be born rich. "Rich dad" espoused the view that being rich or poor is something that you learn. You can learn to think in ways that will support you, and you can raise your financial IQ by reading books on finance, talking to financially successful people, and attending seminars and lectures. When you have the right belief system and the necessary knowledge on how to create, build, and protect wealth, you will become rich even if you were not born into a wealthy family.

2. "Rich dad" taught Kiyosaki that he should get a job to learn and to acquire the necessary skills so that he could go on to start his own business. "Poor dad" saw his job as his source of income for life. While "rich dad" taught Kiyosaki to strive to become financially independent, "poor dad" taught him to depend on his employer for his financial well being.

3. When faced with an opportunity, "rich dad" would ask himself: "How can I afford this?" This forced his mind to think and to come up with creative solutions to be able to take advantage of the opportunity that had presented itself. Instead, when presented with an opportunity, "poor dad" would dismiss it by saying: "It's too bad I can't afford this."

4. While "poor dad" stressed scholastic education, "rich dad" always stressed financial education.

5. For "rich dad" the main cause of poverty or financial struggle was self-inflicted fear and ignorance. "Poor dad" blamed the economy and the job market. That is, "rich dad" always took responsibility for himself and felt that he created his circumstances, while "poor dad" often felt like a victim of the outside world.

6. As for risk taking, "rich dad" taught Kiyosaki to learn to manage risk. "Poor dad" taught him that when it …

What Does a Legal Cashier Do? Choosing the Right Law Job

The legal cashier's job can be ideal for someone who finds the idea of ​​working for a solicitors or law firm appealing but does not have the experience or desire to work directly on legal matters. Normally a legal cashier is responsible in one form or another for the finances of the company. As the financial needs of solicitors and law firms are quite unique, a niche has opened up for those with the skills and expertise to carry out these kinds of jobs.

There are a number of different jobs which could be described as a legal cashier:

Legal Accountant – The responsibilities of a legal accountant are in many ways similar to a traditional accountant however there are some distinct difference unique to the industry. For example the large transfers of money for house purchases and legal fees are quite different to that of a traditional business. Though the tasks carried out by a legal accountant may differ from other industries many of the skills required to carry out the role are quite transferable.

Financial Controller – typically a financial controller has a lot more strategic role than a legal accountant, they might not be as involved in the day to day, invoices, payments and bank reconciliations but are still heavily involved in how a legal firm manages it finances.

Accounts Manager – This might be a role for someone working within a legal firm who has extensive accounts experience yet isn't a qualified accountant. They don't have the legal ability to carry out accounts like their professionally qualified colleague but might still carry out very similar tasks on a day to day basis.

Practice Manager – a far more administrative role typically, though it may still involve aspects of a finance common to most legal cashier roles. A Practice manager would normally have responsibility for the teams responsible for the administration and non legal functions of the firm.

Legal cashiers can also often be given the responsibilities within a company beyond the financial. These tasks often include

Marketing – while legal firms might not instantly seem like they require a great deal of marketing just like every business they need new customers. For most firms they would never reach the size where they could afford or justify a full time member of staff dedicated to marketing the firm. However often the responsibility of attracting new customers can be passed to someone with the appropriate skills. Often a legal cashier has just the right mix of abilities and enthusiasm to be given the task of marketing.

HR – the responsibility for human resources is another important part of a business which a small legal firm may not be able to dedicate a member of staff. As legal cashiers often manage a large number of the firm's staff often HR can be allocated to them.

Administration – the amount of paper work and administration that a team of practicing solicitor can create is surprising. Consequently there is a team …

Foreign National Commercial Mortgage Loan Basics

As US dollar is becoming stronger and commercial real estate values ​​are rising by the day, foreign buyers can have a real incentive for buying an investment property-whether it is commercial or residential. Persuading foreign investors to speculate in US economy has different incentives as well.

Some facts that are worth reading

As per National Association of REALTORS®, foreign buyers, until March 2014, invested in excess of $ 99.2 billion US residential real estate. These figures continue to soar with time. So every international buyer who can afford to invest in US properties and who look forward to living abroad should invest in the country real estate investment market.

When problem hits foreign real estate investors

Options for an international real estate buyer to pick from can be significantly limited as they will generally have to provide a:

  • US Federal Tax Identification Number
  • US Bank Account
  • State Certified Corporation, LLC, LP, or any active company
  • Proof of residence

And if a foreigner is incapable to furnish any of these docs, then the person will doubtlessly be ineligible to get a traditional mortgage and other similar financing options. Foreign buyers, however, can pay in cash-but as interest rates are low across the United States, it is preferred for buyers to finance their investments. And that is when a foreign national loan can be of great help to any foreign realty investor.

Understanding foreign national commercial mortgage loans

Foreign national commercial mortgage loans are available to every non-US citizen who are look forward to investing in any domestic property. However, any foreign national will not find this mortgage in traditional banks. And even the terms and conditions or requirements of this specific loan will vary from one lender to another.

Generally, foreign national mortgage lenders offer this loan type at down payments that start anywhere around 30 percent of the buying price. However, the down payment can even go as high as 40 percent-that depends on the size of the loan that any foreigner may apply for.

Apart from large down payments, this loan is similar to a traditional loan. The process of securing this loan is just like the one followed to get a domestic loan. For building a borrower profile, lenders will need:

  • Their passports
  • A Tax Identification Number given by the Internal Revenue Service
  • Asset proof that is verified by any global financial institution
  • A Letter of Professional Reference From An Accountant and or Banker

Foreign borrowers will generally have to pay a higher interest rate than the ones given by US residents. But borrowers may get a commercial mortgage with an annual interest rate as low as five percent because of larger down payments and historically low interest rates.

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How Commercial Banks Create Credit or Money

By creating credits we mean the process whereby commercial banks, make it possible for more deposits to be made through loan and this process of creating credits is also called creation of money or money creation. By granting loans to their customers, commercial banks increase the purchasing power of the borrower and also increase the volume of money in circulation. Commercial banks use current account as basis of creating credit or money. However, it is not possible for one commercial bank to create credit or money. For credit or money to be created, the entire banking system, will have to be involved.

Commercial banks are required by law to keep certain percentage of their deposits with them. This percentage kept with them is known as Cash ratio or Liquidity ratio or Cash reserve. This is done in order to protect customer's deposits and prevent bank crisis. This percentage of cash ratio banks will keep is fixed by the central bank, and varies from one country to another. Assuming the central bank fixes 10% as the cash ratio, it then means that for every deposit a bank receives, 10% of the deposit must be kept in the bank while the remaining 90% can be given out as a loan or overdraft by the bank. This 10% cash ratio is kept or reserved with the bank in order for the bank to meet up with customer's withdrawals. There are other methods by which commercial banks generate credit, for example the death of a customer, by government policies, by the sale of receipts and treasury bills, and also by selling shares to customers and the entire public.

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Realizing Personal Economic Independence

An individual is initially dependent on others during the early phase of life; first 20 years. Throughout this phase, the person obtains knowledge on multiple subjects, attains wisdom through manifold observations, and builds up moral strength by means of spiritual / humane practices. Nevertheless, the person is barely in touch with the business world during this phase. Later on, along with multi-dimensional independent life experiences, the individual, in the second phase of life, is consequentially apprised about economic fields and economic works.

Human life embraces multiple needs and countless facilities for normal living. Basic human needs include healthy food, fresh water, proper clothes, right sanitation, complete shelter, necessary medical aids, easy transportation and appropriate education. The innate human nature extends the individual's contentment boundary towards countless paraphernalia of life, such as, aesthetic dressing, delicious foods, magnificent residence, superior education, unlimited medical assurances, and so on and so forth. In order to fulfill both, needs and facilities, money is the fundamental prerequisite. Proactive efforts are indispensable to earn money units. Namely, a work for the sake of monetary reward is called an economic work.

Technically, personal economic independence is defined in the dictionary as "the income threshold at which a person can live without relying on the support of others." At this stage, the economic agent can purchase required, and even desired, goods for personal advantage. Realistically, stream of successful execution of economic works by the individual is the only way to reach personal economic independence. The main ambition of this article is to portray the roadmap towards the actualization of a stable income stream, and hence, economic independence. I will try to reach the focal point of the paper by providing a simple technique to realize the perfect profession, a proper method for execution of economic work, and effective tips to overcome hurdles during economic struggle.

Opting the Right Profession

There are boundless economic works available in the modern world. Needless to say, the invention of internet and technology has further introduced oodles of online works as well. Selection of the right profession is duty of the economic agent. How may he / she opt for the right profession? Jeff Goins, author of the bestseller, The Art of Work, gives answer to the question. He offers a stunning approach to discover the purpose of life. Once the purpose is realized, one can consequently comprehend the right profession. Jeff writes: "when you pay attention to your life and the lessons it can teach you, you won't feel so lost. Your story will seem less like a series of disjoined events and more like a beautifully complex narrative unfolding before you. You will understand each setback, inconvenience and frustration as something more than what it appears to be. And perhaps, as you listen to it, your life will speak. "

Jeff, in his case, listed out a few memories from his life and during the exercise, he was able to grasp his purpose; to become a writer. An economic agent, at the …

The Truth Behind Our Banking System

Most people don’t really understand the truth behind our banking system because it isn’t taught in our schools, not even to financial professionals. Oddly enough, the inconvenient history is omitted from all educational curriculums. I obtained a business degree in finance and there was one thing that never was taught to me about the origins of our banking system that I believe is key to the state of our banking system and our economy today. It is the fact that it was created under cover of legislation that was supposed to protect the economy and stabilize it. That is the primary mission of the Federal Reserve Bank. However, the real motivation was to shield the owners of the banks from competition and create a cartel.

I was also created to start a franchise that could print a fiat currency. A fiat currency is one that has no basis of value except by the good faith in the government to pay its debts. It means that if more money is needed in the economy, the bank simply creates it. This central bank could also then take control of all the reserves of all banks to protect the more wreck less banks from runs at the cost of the conservative ones, and get access to taxpayer money when the bank is in trouble. All the while, the Federal Reserve Act of 1913 was sold as a law that would protect the public. In terms of stabilizing the economy, the Federal Reserve Bank has failed miserably. In terms of reaching its true and hidden goals, it has been extremely successful.

People believe that the financial crisis is somewhat of a mystery. But every financial crisis we have had since the Federal Reserve Banking System has been in place has been related to debt. Under the current system, debt is used to create new money or to shrink the supply of money (by paying debt off) to attempt to control the economy, and allegedly stabilize it. In reality, since the loans were made with money created from nothing, the bank loses very little money. It is money that it never had in the first place. Technically, a retail bank with too many bad loans becomes insolvent, so the game is to roll bad loans over into larger ones and creates more money and gives the borrowers more money to continue to make the interest payments. There is also insurance that backs loans, so the government will pay for bad loans with taxpayer money. The Federal Reserve Bank has convinced the government that allowing big banks to fail would create great hardship in the economy, however, it is the massive creation of debt that fuels this system that causes the great hardship when the final cost of bailouts is passed to the public in the form of inflation due to an excess supply of money created by excessive lending to cover bad loans.

There is a rich history of how the banking bailout system has …

If Your Girlfriend Left You Over Money Problems, You Need to Take Action

What is the number one reason most relationships break up? Terrible sex? Too much nagging? Incompatibility? Another lover? You just drifted apart? It’s none of these. By far, the biggest reason that relationships fail can be summed up in one word: Money.

If you have money problems, then you have big problems. Nothing creates tension and hardships like persistent hassles with bills, paying rent, making a car payment – or maybe even not being able to afford a car at all! If your girlfriend left you over money problems, then you have one of the most difficult situations to remedy. Getting an ex-girlfriend to come back to you is hard enough the way it is. It’s even harder when you are hard up for cash.

But before we get all depressed about this situation, let’s get some perspective. Many guys think that if only they were rich, or at least well off, their girlfriend would have never left them. It’s not as simple as that. If you don’t believe it, just tune into what is happening with the rich and famous around the world, be it movie stars or royalty. It quickly becomes apparent that people with a lot of money have no better luck – an obviously sometimes a lot worse luck – with staying within a relationship. How many movie stars can you think of in the next five minutes who have two, three or maybe four divorces under their belts?

The fact is, having a lot of money is no guarantee of relationship success. If you are feeling sorry for yourself because your girlfriend left you over financial problems, then it’s time to start rethinking the whole situation. You could be filthy rich, and she might have left anyway.

What does this tell you about money? Clearly, it makes no difference how much you have or how little you have. If the fundamentals of your relationship are strong, even a terrible money situation should not be an excuse for your girlfriend to leave. Money is only a convenient excuse, an outward factor.

Okay, but let’s also recognize that while money may not be the ultimate reason she left you, it certainly was a contributing factor. That’s because constant stress over money creates an overall climate of tension and struggle. It is very difficult for any relationship to thrive in an environment of constant struggle.

Incredibly, many guys do exactly the opposite thing they should do when they have money problem, and their partner leaves – they plunge themselves into even more debt! That’s right!

There is something about relationship problems that can drive many men to lose all common sense. For example, they think that if they only had a nicer car, maybe their girlfriend would come back to them. So they pull out all the stops, marshal all of their resources, and take out a huge loan to get some new wheels. So now they have a shiny new car, and even more debt and payments …

Take Responsibility For Your Financial Health

Take responsibility for YOUR financial health. All aspects of it: expenses, income, savings, retirement, investing, pocket change, the works.

This is a simple idea with potentially profound implications. Yes, it may be a bit cliché, but that does not mean that it is not true. Everyone would like to improve their life in some way – financially, mentally, physically, emotionally, or a huge variety of others – but nobody can until they accept that, fundamentally, they are responsible for what will happen.

The first step to take is to do just that: assume full responsibility for your financial health. Regardless of your situation, you can't dwell on the past. It doesn't matter if you got hit by a disaster, laid off, if a business deal went south, or if you think weren't positioned right from the start. As long as you focus on the problems you perceive, you will be unable to move forward in your financial life.

Forgive everyone for all the bad things they have done to you. Let go of what has happened to you before. Stop thinking about the negatives and the past events that have placed you into whatever your current situation is .. Right now – don't put this off, saying "Oh, that's a good thought, I'll consider it." And there should be no half measures, even if you share finances. Assume 100% of the responsibility for your physical and financial health or you won't be able to improve your situation. Above all else you must hold yourself personally responsible .

This is now going to let you take power over your financial health. If you want to change your situation for the better, you must have that power, plain and simple. Assuming full responsibility means you have no excuses when you fall off the wagon, no exemptions for slips, moments of weakness, and no one to pass the blame to when you aren't as responsible as you want to be.

Without 100% responsibility you are utterly powerless. You'll find ways to blame the world, your significant other, the economy, or something else. If you want things to change, you have to step into your power fully and completely. And you can't do that if you remain in denial of even a smidgen of your responsibility. Now, I don't mean that you need to blame yourself every time you slip even the slightest bit or something goes wrong. Not all circumstances are within your control. But you do always have the ability to respond to changes in your situation, so remember that!

Accepting responsibility for your own finances gives you the power to change your financial health for the better. It must be your own force of will that does so, but knowing that it's on you makes all the difference in the world. Use your creativity and abilities to make the best of it!

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