Death Penalty

Death penalty is an irrevocable crime which many people argue its effectiveness in deterring future crimes. It became a very important issue for the human rights associations such as, “Amnesty International”, which is working worldwide to protect human rights and abolishing death penalty. According the facts of “Amnesty International”, today 111 countries have abolished the death penalty in law or practice. That leaves 84 other countries which retain or use death penalty (Amnesty International). There are also “victim’s rights” organizations, which support the use death penalty. It became an important debate lately. Therefore, we should know the consequences of abolishing death penalty such as its benefits and threats to the society, its effectiveness and its role in the international arena.

Individuals and organizations who oppose the death penalty claim that it violates the right to life as proclaimed in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. They also claim that it is an inhuman punishment which is ineffective in deterring future crimes.

Those, who support the death penalty, claim that death penalty is effective in deterring future crimes and keep the society a better place to live in. They also believe that there should be alternative punishments for different crimes and death penalty is a kind of punishment some criminals deserve.

While opponents claim there is no solid evidence of deterrence, people who support the death penalty argue that our society is not able to see the results of what is not happening. This is like hearing the news of the shipwrecks, but not hearing any news on the ones that arrived safely to the harbor.

Practice of death penalty always carries the risk of taking innocent lives. Cooper shows proof of this risk when she says, “75 people were released from death row after courts reversed their convictions” (Cooper). Those, who support the death penalty, believe that it is extremely a small risk and it is decreasing as forensic science improves. They also believe that execution of an innocent inmate is a even smaller chance than the releasing a criminal. This is credited to the careful observations made before the execution. The Jogger case is an example of false convictions. “…the faulty convictions of five teenagers in 1989 would have never come to light” (Halpern).

Organizations such as the “Amnesty International” show the fact that, “death penalty punishes the poor” as a reason to abolish it. Good judicial representation often results in less or no penalty, but it costs too much to be represented by a good lawyer. This situation might result in changing a death row sentence to a life long imprisonment for a wealthy criminal. According to Mary H. Cooper, “poor inmates often do not receive adequate legal counsel” (Cooper).

Victim’s rights organizations argue that the death penalty, in fact, does not discriminate the poor. This accusation can not be an argument against death penalty because it is an argument against all types of punishment. The only way to solve this issue is to improve the justice system, …

Money and Divorce – What do Courts Look At?

One of the most stressful aspects of divorce proceedings is trying to divide the family assets between both parties. Any distribution made should fair and proportionate.

The following information is a basic outline of the court procedure used to achieve a financial settlement in a divorce and what factors are taken into consideration when this is accomplished.

Taking the case before a court

Parties will need to have obtained all the relevant financial information from each other prior to taking the case before a court. If this has not happened then either party can apply for ‘Ancillary Relief’. Ancillary relief is the formal process of gathering and presenting all the necessary information required pre to a court hearing. The following procedure is normally used:

– The applicant for ancillary relief sends a notice to the court indicating what claim is being made.

– The court then books the case a first hearing within 6 to 12 weeks of the application.

– 5 weeks before the first hearing both parties must have completed Form E (a court document showing details of their financial information) and sent this to each other. A copy of this form must also be sent to the court.

– At least 2 weeks prior to the first hearing both parties must provide each other with the following documentation; a list of what they consider to be the key issues, a timetabled history of the case and a questionnaire detailing any further financial information that they require from the opposing party.

The first hearing

The initial hearing of the case is in a court before a judge. This usually takes about 30 minutes and the point is to discover where there are potential grounds for settlement. The procedure is instigated via the completion of Form A (this form informs the court that you require a judge to decide how to divide your matrimonial assets) a fee of £210 is paid with this form. If the ancillary relief procedure has been used then the court will begin by checking the reasonableness of the requests of each party contained in the pre hearing questionnaire. The judge will move the case along by looking at the all the information provided. At this point the court may feel that some vital information is still outstanding, if so, the judge will instruct either party to go away and come back with the appropriate information or documentation. For example you may be requested to produce a valuation of your matrimonial home.

At the end of the hearing the court may order an appointment to be made for financial dispute resolution.

Financial dispute resolution

Unlike other forms of dispute resolution, this process is still heard in front of a judge. It is however a more informal procedure than being in a court hearing. Solicitors from both parties will present brief details of the case to the judge. He/she will suggest ideas for settlement which will include dividing family assets fairly. If the parties reach a …

Effective Internet Marketing Tools That Work & Fashion Marketing 101

Anyone who owns a website knows the importance of internet marketing tools. You may have a terrific idea for a website with an excellent product or service, superb design, content and functionality but if you do not use the right tactics, your site may not attract the all important highly targeted traffic. Getting a lot of traffic into a site has very little to do with the site itself but with how the webmaster or site owner advertises it. With hundreds of competing sites, you must employ the most effective internet marketing tools that will truly deliver results.

There is different internet marketing tools that you can use. All these techniques and methods aim at increasing your website traffic. You must find a way for web surfers to find your site. To do this, you must put yourself in the shoes of your prospective visitors and future clients and see the internet through their eyes. Where do they usually go whenever they are looking up something on the web? The answer is the search engine; in fact, the two most popular websites on the web today are both search engines and portals. Thus, you should focus your internet marketing efforts on the search engine.

People will usually search for something using a search engine and click on the top results that these engines give. Therefore, you must use the right internet marketing tools to get a high search engine ranking. To gain a high ranking in search results, you can use several internet marketing tools. Search engine optimization is a set of methods that are aimed at improving the visibility of your site in search engine results. Since a search engine indexes sites by looking at its keyword density, your site’s content must have favorable keyword density that is search engine friendly. Content is one of the most important internet marketing tools itself. If you have excellent content that is geared towards achieving a high search engine ranking as well as provide information then you can expect a high search engine ranking. However, this is not as easy as it sounds. Countless other sites may be using the same internet marketing tools as you do. Thus, you must continuously find new ways of attracting more traffic.

Aside from the traditional marketing techniques such as print ads, billboards, brochures, testimonials, flyers etc. you must use other more effective internet marketing tools to gain more traffic. One of the most popular internet marketing tools today is the use of Pay per Click advertising. In this method, you will bid for a particular keyword in a specific search engine. If you have the highest bid then your sites link will be the top result. This internet marketing tool is now being used by thousands of sites. It is also gaining popularity because of its relatively high success rate in attracting high traffic.

Fashion Marketing 101

In a nutshell, fashion marketing is a profession that takes the latest trends and designs in clothing and …

Challenges To The Core Banking Solutions Implementation Projects – Part 2

This is a sequel to my previous entry, titled “Challenges to the Core Banking Solutions Implementation Projects – 1.”

Continuing on the problems faced in core banking solution implementation projects, let us look at some other problems.

Lack of IT Resources with Banks
Usually, the core banking solution vendors claim to offer lower overheads, advanced technology, lower maintenance costs etc. After all, such claims win the clients and especially their finance people, as they see IT as a big cost center instead of a strategic asset. Vendors are also aware of the fact that the banks will calculate a minimum of five years total cost of ownership (TCO) before they make any decision about a vendor and its solution. If the system requires a large number of IT resources, it will reflect negatively in the TCO spreadsheet. They thus would not recommend the banks to hire the adequate sized IT team. Even if they are forthright about it, the banks may not take the suggestion that seriously, and try to bargain this number. Also, banks are not that big on IT and the trends in software, such as Agile Methodology and other object oriented frameworks. They thus cannot, or find it hard to appreciate the roles of user experience, documentation, quality control and quality assurance engineers. Ironic, isn’t it? During negotiations with the application vendors, the same bank managers vouch to create their own IT team to manage the solution during and after implementation. They ask the vendors to train their teams on the technology and features so that the bank could reduce dependence on the external vendor. Yet they do not hire enough people.

In my experience, I haven’t even heard about a single bank going for ISO 9001:2000 compliance. But don’t be misaken here: a number of banks are very active on IT security and service delivery. While this is a good trend that shows that the IT managers of the banks are waking up to the security threats and service delivery, they are not aware of the software development advancements.

Lack of Experienced Project Managers
A bank changes its core banking system once in decades. Same goe s for any other IT solution that a bank purchses, such as credits, risk management, middleware and the likes. Also, such projects are so large that it is difficult to find project managers from the market with experience of similar sized projects. The project manager is expected to provide insight, skill, communication and foresight to steer the project in the right direction. While a project manager can bring skill and communication, if he/she is not from the banking arena, the foresight, risk management and insight will be missing. A newly inducted project manager will also face issues in taking control of the things because he/she is a new entrant.

Missing Comprehensive Training Programs
This problem hits the implementers and the banks, both, and equally hard. The way banks and implementers lose their IT manpower, there is almost always a dire …