Energy Conservation Ideas

Everyone wants to save money.  By using simple energy conservation ideas and investing a little time, you can save a lot of money and help out the environment at the same time.

A lot of people seem to think that conserving energy and going green will require massive lifestyle changes.  Nothing could be further from the truth.In reality you can make as big, or as small, changes as you want.  Either way  you’ll save some money.

I’ve put together a list of some things you can do to cut back on your utility bills by conserving energy, this should give you some ideas of where to start:

1. By lowering the temperature on your thermostat by just a few degrees you can save yourself hundreds of dollars, or more.

If you really want to save money invest in a programmable thermostat.  That way you can set it to lower the temperature, during the winter, when you’re not there or in bed and raise it right before you get home or get up in the morning.

By doing this you don’t have to pay to keep the temperature turned up all day and you don’t have to come home to, or wake up to, a cold house.

2. Tighten up your house and make sure your furnace is running right.  Add caulk, insulation, and new windows and doors, or at least a window insulating kit. 

That way your home will keep the cold out and the warm in.

3. Build a wind turbine or solar panels to generate part of your own energy.  Turbines and solar panels make sense for homeowners all over the country since they are cheap to build but they will meet about half of your home’s energy needs.

If energy conservation is on your mind, just use theses suggestions as a way to jump start your savings.  …

Phases In Project Management : Phase II — PLANNING

A. Uses of planning

To direct the peo­ple who are workingHelps track how the project is goingGives you an indi­ca­tion on when to cor­rect course when neededDirects how com­mu­ni­ca­tion flows; with team mem­bers and management

B. Iden­ti­fy­ing the work to be done

Here, you’ll have to be intro­duced to what’s called WBS.

WBS :  WORK BREAKDOWN STRUCTURE

This is used as a tool to Plan — track and man­age a project

How use­ful is WBS?

Helps esti­mate time and smaller chunks of workMakes it eas­ier to assign work to team membersBuild check points in your project that allows you to mea­sure progress

There are TWO main tasks involved in the WBS

Sum­mary task; The higher level tasks that sum­ma­rize the project. These lev­els depend on the size of the project.Work pack­ages; Which are low­est level tasks

C.  How to build a WBS

The best way is to start from the top lev­els (Sum­mary task) and work your way down to the bottom.Iden­tify lev­els of sum­mary tasks. This can be done by break­ing work groups down.Begin with the Scope state­ments and Deliv­er­ables.

Trade Show WBS

Note: You will have to break down work to match the fre­quency of sta­tus reports

Gen­er­ally, most man­agers shoot for work pack­ages that use 8–80 hours to finish

D. How can you test to ver­ify if you used the right break­down structure

You will have to answer these very sim­ple ques­tions, and only then would you be able to tell if you did a great job break­ing down your work structures.

Is time and cost easy to calculate?Is the sta­tus easy to mea­sure at all times?Are tasks dura­tion shorter than what is actu­ally being reported?

It’s also very impor­tant to note that some parts of the work might need to be bro­ken into three parts because of more work, but oth­ers may need only two steps.

E. Defin­ing Work packages

To make sure your team knows what to do, cre­ate work pack­age doc­u­ments that describe work iden­ti­fied in the WBS in detail.

Details include:

How famil­iar the work isThe expe­ri­ence of the per­son to whom the task is assignedIf work is unfa­mil­iar, the man­ager should turn to team leaders

The SCHEDULE

Here is the place in the project’s life time that will tell you how long the project will last and when you will need the peo­ple for the work.

The WBS iden­ti­fies the work peo­ple have to do in the project but it does not tell you how long the work will take.

Do these:

I. Turn the Tasks into schedule

The tasks should be placed in the right sequence order.Spec­ify which task fin­ish first before start­ing new ones.Note which ones start and fin­ish at the same time.

II. Spec­ify Dependencies

Esti­mate the time that each task will takeIden­tify peo­ple on your project team and assign them to task.

To know the task dura­tion, esti­mate hours and the num­ber of peo­ple to do the work

Take into account other con­straints such as dead­lines.

F. RESOURCES…

Follow High Standards of Hygiene with a Hand Held Bidet

Time to say goodbye to messy toilet paper in your bathroom. The best way to follow high standards of hygiene today is to make use of a hand held bidet. These are small sprays which can clean the buttocks and private parts. Other than toilets, bidets can also be used in the showers. The tiny holes which allow water to pass through are most convenient for use in the shower.

With the help of an easy bidet attachment, you can do away with toilet paper. If you choose an electronic bidet, it can provide you with water at a temperature of your choice. The electric bidet will also help keep the toilet seat warm, which is extremely helpful during winters.  You would not want to be greeted by a frozen toilet seat on a cold winter morning now, would you?

Installation of the new electric bidet requires taking out the existing toilet seat. The reason for this is the fitting of the bidet takes place right below the seat. Once done, the seat can be fitted back again. This is the reason that the electric bidet also helps to keep the toilet seat warm, as mentioned above.

The purchase of a bidet is entirely dependent on your budget. If you have a low bidet, then fitting the non-electric or conventional bidet may be a convenient option. On the other hand, fitting an electronic bidet will definitely cost you much more. However, if you do not mind an initial expenditure, then such an attachment will provide you with a lot more comfort than the traditional bidet. It also has other features such as built-in air deodorisers, self-rinsing nozzles and a remote control for temperature.

A portable bidet is one that can be carried with you during outdoor trips. It can fit into a bag of any size. You may not be able to find the bidets installed in every hotel room that you stay in. Once you get into the habit of using the bidet at home, you may feel uncomfortable when it is not available. This is the reason why the portable bidet is highly popular among frequent travellers.

This device is a unique personal hygiene system for people on the move. It is meant to make cleansing more convenient for all. The device also prevents discomforts caused due to infections, itching, haemorrhoids and other such problems. In short, it allows you to be clean and fresh at anytime and anywhere.…

Is MLM Lead System Pro Just Another Scam?

Hey what’s going on? I’m Landon Stewart and I am here to write a short little MLM Lead System Pro Review.

I would like to tell you straight on that I am a member of it, and I am not trying to hide that from you. I am simply here to give you an honest review of the system, so that you can make the most informed decision possible.

Let’s go ahead and get started.

First of all what makes MLM lead System Pro so great?

I would have to say the training. Actually to tell you the truth my favorite part about the system has got to be the training, and my buddies feel the same.

They don’t just list off all of the different types of online marketing and say okay now go out and do it like some systems do. They actually go into great detail on exactly how to market your products a ton of different ways.

You can actually pay the buck to sign up for 14 days and get all of the training that you want during that time. Then before the 14 day period ends you could cancel your subscription. If it were me, I probably wouldn’t do something like that just because that’s not something that a person can respect. But I mean if you don’t have the money to pay for it, then there is nothing that you can do. I understand completely.

If you don’t get the training now you may never get it and may never be able to afford MLM Lead System Pro.

I also like the lead capture pages, however I do think that they need to have a little bit more variety in the pages. Pretty much every single on of them looks identical, which I’m not going to lie, it can make me a bit mad at times.

There are some minor flaws with the lead capture pages, however I do like certain aspects. I like the fact that you can actually create as many as you want.

That literally saves me an hour or two every single day because I do make a completely new lead capture page for every single one of ads. That will save me a lot of time and money in the long run.

I think that they are now starting to get some variety, and I do expect good things from them in the future.

That’s really all that I think needs a little bit of fixing within the system.

Not only is there fantastic training in the backoffice, but they actually have webinars every single Wednesday night that are jam packed with information. Then on Thursday nights Cedrick Harris gets on and does live conference calls, which is something new and exciting.

Are Dental Care Plans Right For You

Typically Dental plans tend to be an affordable replacement for dental insurance. Dental care services become more budget friendly using discount dental plans for families in the lower income bracket. A dental care plan is a type of a membership you sign up for in which we now have a section of providers and consumers. Within a discounted dental care plan, the service providers have agreed to supply the expert services at a discount rate. As a consumer, a person merely has to show their own membership card when seeing the service provider. These discount dental care plans do not purport to insurance coverage in any way, they’re simply discount plans.

Finding a Dental care Plan

While making a decision on a discount dental care plan, you need to be totally informed to make certain that you can make a confident choice. The net would be a superb tool to look for a variety of packages in your town and check them. Always keeping the cost and features provided in mind, an informed choice can be made against the backdrop within your preferences. Registering with or finding any of these programs is straightforward and quick; you simply have to pay the rate with your credit card or electronic check and obtain your package on-line, within a matter of minutes. A number of these services have a 30 day money-back guarantee, which means in case you are not satisfied while using the package or expert services, you can receive your hard earned dollars back again inside of Thirty days without any issues.

Several discount dental care plans make available ways to help save on a lot more than dental care, recommending discount rates on pharmacy prescriptions, vision and so on. Keep all these in mind while examining your plans.

Utilizing your discounted Dental plan

When you sign up for a discounted dental plan you could start utilizing the plan without delay without any waiting interval. Benefits for some discount dental care plans are generally initialized inside of 48 hours from signing up.

When using the discount dental care plan, you should call up the particular participating professional dentist to set up an appointment. Once you reach the dental practitioner, be sure to present the discount dental care plan card to the receptionist in order to avoid confusion, it’ll make sure that you are charged the discount price in the first place.

The payment at the discounted fee is going to be made during the time of taking the service. There are actually absolutely no issues of paperwork and claims as with insurance coverage.…

Eurocentric Perception of Pre-Colonial Africa Justice Administration Process

Eurocentric Perception of Pre-Colonial Africa Justice Administration Process

Introduction

Every society has its own methods of controlling the social order to achieve a decorous culture; hence the essence of the legal framework cannot be denied. So, the criminal justice system delivers among other things, corrective procedure by which social deviants are brought in conformity with societal norms.

The African society is not an exception to this precept and in fact an epitome of operative customary criminal justice system, which though largely unwritten before the advent of colonialism, integrated a lush African culture unto its civilization. The post-independence era of most African countries however, bestowed utter aversion to these hitherto entrenched opulent customary criminal justice administration, downrightly reducing the system to nothing including those of the Nigerian customary criminal law.

Influenced by the received English law system, most postcolonial African countries are currently faced with the question of reconciling contradicting and often negating foreign law enforcement methods. The negative attitudes towards the African customary law practices have naturally stemmed from the lack of genuine efforts by the postcolonial African States to manage or resolve the unconventionalities for the overall good of the people, aggravating social instability stemming from breakdown of moral values; personal discontent, alienation, and anxieties of rampant conflict situations.

Nigeria, while not by any means the only postcolonial African State in this situation, typifies immersed brashness of imperialists Eurocentrism that is sequestered in primordial convictions of the Western world. Whereas, successive postcolonial governments have ignored to fervently resist negative tolerance of African indigenous law enforcement and social control mechanisms; thus, the native law systems have persisted and remain widely practiced throughout the continent.

This article hence aims to discuss remodeling of law enforcement in postcolonial Africa to reflect the uniqueness of the indigenous peoples, to remedy foreign abhorrence of the African justice process in insolence of preserving the bath-water after throwing away the baby.

The fields of criminal justice administration and particularly criminology only appreciably developed in the recent years. The main concentration as a consequence, being in the English speaking countries and Western European countries that presaged a state of western dominance of especially the historical criminology, making the western countries to pride themselves of many patterns of work in some areas of these fields.

In Britain for example there are a great number of documented commentaries that relate to the history of crime and crime control (see Emsley, 2002; Gattrell et. al., 1980; Godfrey, 1999).  Conversely, the dearth of criminological writings is a stumbling block to the African continent, even if there have been a marked change, as several authors have begun to advance this field (See Ebbe (ed.) 1996, 2000; Onwudiwe, 2000). Yet, the historical criminology of Africa is under-researched.

Additionally, penmanship of pre-colonial African history, especially those of sub-Saharan West Africa were largely ignored by mainstream academia since the authors that contributed to the field (for example, Karenga, Diop, Walker) were (at best) acclaimed for limited inquiry into Black (African) history. Whereas advances that paralleled …

Gender Theory

Alusine M. Kanu DA

Gender’ refers to the socially constructed roles, responsibilities, identities and expectations assigned to men and women. It contrasts with the fundamental biological and physiological differences between males and females, which are known as secondary sex characteristics. Gender roles differ between cultures and communities and over time. For many, gender is always thought about in binary terms: man/woman; masculine/feminine. Expectations of women and men are limited by these binaries, and are communicated through sex role stereotyping. These stereotypes limit gender appropriate behavior to a range of rigid roles which are assigned to women and men on the basis of their gender, for example, ‘women are nurturers’, and ‘men are aggressors’. These role expectations are subtle and deeply ingrained however there is great diversity in how individuals express their gender which frequently does not conform to these stereotypes. Not all women fit the stereotypical expectations of femininity, not all men fit those qualities associated with masculinity.

A theory of gender in communication1 is proposed by Dr. Anita Taylor, Emeritus Professor of Communication at George Mason University.  Primarily, Taylor generated explanations that account for the impact of gender in communication, whether the macro level of cultural discourse or the micro levels of interpersonal interaction or individual identity. In her literature review, Dr. Taylor pointed out that women should not be disadvantaged compared with men.  She added that the thing to note about the feminist movement is that there has never been one feminist theory or feminist movement.  Out of what seems like Feminist Theory is the development of Gender Theory.2 This illustrates complexity in coming up with a single theory.

Gender-related communication is much like cross-cultural communication in that the differences that being male or female create in communication and behaviors are potential barriers to communication effectiveness. The topic of gender and communication refers to the specific communication behaviors that a person uses because of being either male or female. In its demand for equality for women, “feminism sets itself in opposition to most cultures on earth.”  “Multiculturalism demands respect for all cultural traditions, while feminism,” according to Cohen and Howard (1999) “respects only traditions that indeed deserve respect”.3 Since we are destined to live in a two-gender world, and because many of our most significant interactions will be with people of the opposite gender, it is self evident that this area of study is important.  Add to this idea the finding that women’s communication is treated differently—and usually valued less-than men’s communication, and you can readily see that a basic inequality exists in society.  This inequality leads to women’s relative absence from top positions in virtually every area of academic, business, civic, and political life.  Not only is this situation unfair to women, it also costs every society in which it occurs untold amounts of energy because only part of society’s resources are being used. Studying gender and communication can help everyone to understand the realities of gender-related differences in communication instead of perpetuating assumptions about male-female …

Discover Precious Coins with GovMint Key Codes

Building a collection of something usually costs a ton of money – especially if it’s a collection of money. I’m talking here about coin collecting. While people have gathered and hoarded coins, old and new, for their bullion or artistic value for as long as coins have been minted, nowadays it’s getting harder to keep up. That’s why collectors are using hobby and collectibles coupon codes so that they can acquire stuff without regretting whatever it is that they are buying and collecting. After all, it’s no use carrying on a hobby that one cannot afford in the first place.

Can one afford to collect coins? Are you serious about amassing a collection of ancient, medieval, and modern currencies? If so, then you might want to take a look at GovMint.com, which has been dubbed as “Your One Best Source for Coins Worldwide”. Don’t worry: with GovMint key codes, you can collect even the rarest coins from different parts of the world at an affordable price. You can even take advantage of the many great discounts and online deals featured in GovMint’s catalogs. That way, you don’t pay too premium a price to have history in your hands.

At GovMint, coins from nations across the world are represented, and it’s easy to discover modern and ancient specimens in a variety of precious metals worldwide. “Precious” may mean “rare”: some of the coins and currencies you have the opportunity to collect at GovMint may never be available to the general public. That’s because GovMint is an industry leader in coin collecting, with a proven track record and affiliations with the top trade organizations in the numismatic industry. U.S. silver coins, U.S. gold coins, world coins, paper currency, precious metals, shipwreck and treasure coins, gifts, jewelry: all these, you can find and explore at GovMint’s vast catalog. You may choose to simply use the information contained therein as a great information resource, but if you’re a serious coin collector, GovMint is a kind of shopping haven. GovMint key codes are there for you to get the best bargains and deals.

Purchase for the first time from GovMint – or apply for free membership – and you will automatically receive the status of Preferred Customer. As a member of this prestigious club, you get to hear through catalogs and mailings about exclusive offers, online deals, and maybe even coupon codes. You will also have your own personal account manager to make suggestions and help you find items that fit your personal needs and preferences for your collection.

You can be sure it’s going to be a great authentic collection – and not just because of GovMint’s 30-day money-back guarantee. Since 1984, GovMint has worked hard to earn its reputation as a trusted source for old and new coins. Now it has grown to become a member of professional organizations that adhere to the highest standards of excellence and ethics; these include Better Business Bureau of Minnesota, Direct Marketing Association, American Numismatic Association, Industry …

Natural Joint Pain Relief: Relieve Joint Pain Naturally with NO SIDE EFFECTS!

Oh to be young again with pain-free joints! However, if you are like many of us – your joints can be painful and that pain can affect your everyday life. So, what causes this pain and how can you get natural joint pain relief?

Do You Understand Your Joints?

There are many joints in our body. Everywhere our bones meet is a joint. We have 3 different types of joints in our bodies but 2 of them – fibrous and cartilaginous joints – don’t move much, if at all. The most common joint is the synovial joint. This joint moves and can cause serious pain for people. There are 6 different types of synovial joints that give the body the ability to move the way we do. Our elbows and knees are hinge joints. The pivot joint on the top of the neck allows one bone to rotate over another, ball and socket joints make up our hips and shoulders. The last 3 joints called saddle, condyloid and gliding make up the joints in our fingers and toes. What is common to each of these joints is they contain ligaments to anchor bones together, the end of the bones contains a smooth surface of cartilage and a capsule covers the entire joint. This capsule, surrounded by a synovial membrane, creates a cavity filled with fluid. This fluid contains water and nutrients to lubricate the joints and keep things moving smoothly. Joints also contain sacs of fluid called bursa to promote smooth motion. Add the layer of muscles that control joint movement and you can see there are plenty of areas that can get damaged and cause pain. Our joints are complicated structures! 

What Causes Joint Pain?

Joint pain is a common complaint and many conditions can bring it on. Our joints take a lot of abuse and the smooth surfaces can begin to wear off. Once it does bone spurs can grow to cause friction and pain in the joint. Conditions such as gout or bursitis cause inflammation in the joint, which in turn causes pain. Joints are commonly sprained or strained beyond its intended use. When that happens inflammation and bruising can make it impossible to use that part of your body. Modern medicine primarily treats joint pain with anti-inflammatory medications that can wreck havoc on other systems in your body. Many times the side effects are worse than the pain! However, there is a natural way to relieve joint pain.

So How Do You Get SAFE Natural Joint Pain Relief?

Give your body the nutrients it needs to heal and reduce the inflammation with high quality therapeutic grade essential oils. You may not know it but before modern medicine came along, societies had been using essential oils for thousands of years to treat and heal the human body. Many societies still reach for these natural treatments before seeking medical advice. They are time proven to support our body in a healthy natural way. More recently, many scientific studies …

What Are the Average Garage Doors Costs?

Need a new garage door? Wonder how much it’s going to set you back? Here’s some pricing information for you that will help you decide if it’s in your budget. Of course, pricing will vary by the area in which you live, or by shipping if you order online. Most garage doors costs are less expensive when you order online. However, you’ll want to make sure you know how much shipping and delivery will add to the final cost. If you won’t be installing it yourself, then add in installation costs. In some cases, buying from the company who will be completely the installation may be cheaper as well.

Common Sizes

Before you get pricing information, you’ll need to know what size you’re looking for. There are several sizes that are the most common. If you need a special size, you can expect to pay much more. The most common sizes are 8’x7′, 9’x7′, and 16’x7′ for doubles. If you own an SUV or 4×4, you may find it’s not possible fit in and 8’x7′ opening. Increasing the size of the entrance is no small undertaking. You’ll quickly find that the garage doors costs are astronomical if the opening has to be made larger. Costs for Most Common Sizes

The expense of a new model will also depend on the material it’s made from. Steel is the least expensive and custom wood is the usually the most expensive. 8’x7′ sizes made from steel start at about $600. Vinyl in the same size starts around $800. Those made from wood will start about $1200, but that is only for composite wood. Specialty sizes and materials can range anywhere from $2,000 to $7,000. If you need a double sized model, you can expect to pay twice as much. It’s about 10% more for 9’x7′ models and 20-25% more for 8’x8′ and 9’x8′ sizes.

Where to Find the Best Deals

You can find many discount sites that have a variety of sizes and materials available. Some may offer free shipping and delivery, which can save you quite a bit of money. There are also sites that offer pre-owned doors, but you must exercise some caution here. You still want to get a warranty of some sort. There are also sites that deal in factory seconds, which means there may be some blemishes of sorts, but it shouldn’t affect the functionality.

In Closing

You’ll find that most sites list their garage doors costs, which can save you a lot of time in your search. You can also find reviews for many of the companies online, which will give you a decent idea of their level of customer service and their products. It may take a little research, but you can find a really great deal online.